Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you can find a little selection, but, that seem to bear no reference to their element’s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names several days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right here’s a review of their confusing symbols, together with the causes of them.

Sodium – Natrium (Na)

Sodium’s Latin name, ‘natrium’, derives through the Greek ‘nítron’ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial source may very well be the Arabic work ‘natrun’. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in place of salt, also it’s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.

Potassium – Kalium (K)

‘Kalium’ is potassium’s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic ‘al qal ī y’, meaning “calcined ashes” (the ashes left when plant product is burned). Just like salt https://hookupdate.net/chinese-dating-sites/, a quantity of contemporary languages nevertheless refer to potassium as kalium, while the title lends the element its chemical expression, K.

Iron – Ferrum (Fe)

Iron’s Latin title, ‘ferrum’, provides it its sign Fe; it simply means ‘iron’ or ‘sword’, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by many different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. There’s an inventory of 213 of those right right right here.

Copper – Cuprum (Cu)

There’s no shortage of elements named after places, but copper’s title is much more slight than many. Copper’s Latin title had been ‘cyprium’, which it self originates from ‘kypros’, the Greek title for Cyprus. The island of Cyprus had been famous hundreds of years ago because of its copper reserves. The title ended up being ultimately simplified to ‘cuprum’, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.

Silver – Argentum (Ag)

The Latin title for silver, ‘argentum’, is believed to derive originally from A indo-european language, most most most likely referring to your metal’s shininess. The united states Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the Río de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be called after having a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.

Tin – Stannum (Sn)

Tin’s Latin title, ‘stannum’, could be produced from the Indo-European ‘stag’ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. There’s also speculation maybe it’s produced by the Cornish ‘stean’ because of Cornwall’s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is only produced from the Latin.

Antimony – Stibium (Sb)

The Latin ‘stibium’ derives through the Greek word ‘stíbi’, meaning attention paint, discussing making use of antimony substances being a historical eye cosmetic. This term is with in turn likely produced from Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.

Tungsten Wolfram that is)

Wolfram ended up being known as following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. This really is from the German ‘wolf rahm’, or ‘wolf’s foam’, talking about the quantity of tin ‘eaten’ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock – notably apt, since it’s the 7th densest element when you look at the regular dining dining table.

Silver – Aurum (Au)

The Latin title for gold had been ‘aurum’, meaning ‘yellow’, derived through the word ‘aurora’ (‘dawn’). The name ‘gold’, used in Germanic languages, means ‘yellow, shining metal’; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.

Mercury – Hydrargyrum (Hg)

Mercury’s initial Latin name was actually ‘argentum vivum’ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek ‘hydrargyros’ (fluid silver) to offer ‘hydrargyrum’. The English that is original name the element ended up being ‘quicksilver’. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and this is why they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity got names corresponding to your planets, too, but Mercury’s is the only person that’s stuck.

Lead – Plumbum

Lead’s Latin title, ‘plumbum’, most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation regarding the English words ‘plumbing’ and ‘plumber’, as a result of historic usage of lead in water pipelines.

References & Further Reading