Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained
Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you can find a little selection, but, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names several days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right hereвЂ™s a review of their confusing symbols, together with the causes of them.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial source may very well be the Arabic work вЂnatrunвЂ™. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in place of salt, also itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left when plant product is burned). Just like salt https://hookupdate.net/chinese-dating-sites/, a quantity of contemporary languages nevertheless refer to potassium as kalium, while the title lends the element its chemical expression, K.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, provides it its sign Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂ™ or вЂswordвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by many different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of those right right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements named after places, but copperвЂ™s title is much more slight than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self originates from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The island of Cyprus had been famous hundreds of years ago because of its copper reserves. The title ended up being ultimately simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is believed to derive originally from A indo-european language, most most most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The united states Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be called after having a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, could be produced from the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation maybe it’s produced by the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ because of CornwallвЂ™s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is only produced from the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, discussing making use of antimony substances being a historical eye cosmetic. This term is with in turn likely produced from Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.
Tungsten Wolfram that is)
Wolfram ended up being known as following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. This really is from the German вЂwolf rahmвЂ™, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ notably apt, since itвЂ™s the 7th densest element when you look at the regular dining dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin name was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to offer вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and this is why they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity got names corresponding to your planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is the only person thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation regarding the English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, as a result of historic usage of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading